El Niño is a weather event that recurs every 7-8 years, but whose effects in 2016 are assuming increasingly alarming proportions. A phenomenon closely related to climate change that drives global warming, because the heat produced by El Niño in the middle of the Pacific Ocean will contribute to the further rising temperatures and the irregularity of rains, upsetting the climate on a global scale, particularly in countries where it already periodically violent alternate drought. Aftermath. In 2016, there is the serious risk that explodes a new, dramatic humanitarian crisis. This year, tens of millions of people who owe their survival largely to small agriculture and farming, will be hit by serious drought-induced shortages and the lack of water. Several areas of Central America but especially in sub-Saharan Africa, especially Ethiopia will foot the bill. A good part of the population could fall into a State of extreme poverty and food insecurity. The United Nations has sounded the alarm. The one in Ethiopia could be the worst drought in three decades and could put at risk the lives of 400,000 children.